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If you did not use Docker before, this is a good exercise for you to start using Docker to start a simple services. In old days, if we want to use MySQL, the installation steps will be quite different in Window, Mac and Linux. However, If we use docker, the installation steps will be much more easy and similar. Install Mysql In Docker Container; Install In Container Docker-compose; Install Python In Docker Container; Estimated reading time: 5 minutes. When the container runs, it prints an informational message and exits. Upgrade static binaries.

MySQLMySQLi Database

Before upgrading the docker installation of MySQL, ensure that the below mentioned steps have been followed −

  • Download a MySQL server docker image.

  • Start a MySQL server instance.

  • Connect to MySQL server instance from within the container.

Following are the steps to upgrade a Docker installation of MySQL 5.7 to 8.0 −

  • Stop the MySQL 5.6 server using the below command. Here mysql56 is the name of the container.

  • Download the MySQL 5.7 Server Docker image.

  • Start a new MySQL 5.7 Docker container with the help of the old server data andconfiguration.

  • Perform modifications if required.

  • If MySQL community server is present, run the below command −

  • If required, adjust mysql/mysql-server to the correct repository name.

  • Wait for the server to finish the startup operations.

  • The status of the server can be checked for using the ‘docker ps’ command.

  • Run the mysql_upgrade utility in the MySQL 5.7 Server container using the below command −

  • When it prompts, enter the root password for the old MySQL 5.6 Server.

  • Finish the upgrade by restarting the MySQL 5.7 Server container using the below command −

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Docker(opens new window) is a quick and simple way to download and start automating with n8n. By using Docker you are able to:

  • Install to a pristine environment
  • Easily install and run your preferred database with n8n
  • Enjoy a quick and simplified installation experience regardless of your OS

# Prerequisites

Before proceeding ensure that you have installed Docker Desktop(opens new window).

💡 Linux Users

Docker Desktop is only available for Mac and Windows. You must install Docker Engine(opens new window) and Docker Compose(opens new window) individually for your distribution.

# Starting n8n

From your terminal, run:

This command will download all required n8n images and start your container, exposed on port 5678. So that all your data is not lost when you stop the container, it also mounts a local directory, .n8n, to persist your data locally.

You can then access n8n by opening:http://localhost:5678(opens new window)

# Using alternate databases

By default n8n uses SQLite to save credentials, past executions and workflows.n8n also supports PostgresDB, MySQL and MariaDB, configurable viaenvironment variables as detailed below.

It is important to still persist data in the /root/.n8n folder as it contains n8n user data and even more importantly the encryption keyfor credentials. It is also the name of the webhook when the n8n tunnel is used.

If no directory is found, n8n creates automatically one onstartup. In this case, existing credentials saved with a different encryption key can not be used anymore.

💡 Keep in mind


Persisting the /root/.n8n directory even when using alternate databases is the recommended best practice, but not explicitly required. The encryption key can be provided via the N8N_ENCRYPTION_KEYenvironment variable.

# PostgresDB

To use n8n with Postgres, provide the corresponding configuration:

Docker Install Mysql

A complete docker-compose file for Postgres can be found here(opens new window).


To use n8n with MySQL, provide the corresponding configuration:

# Setting timezone

To define the timezone n8n should use, the environment variable GENERIC_TIMEZONE can be set. This gets used by schedule based nodes such as the Cron node.

Docker Install Ubuntu

The timezone of the system can also be set separately. This controls whatsome scripts and commands return like $ date. The system timezone can be set via the environment variable TZ.

Example using the same timezone for both:

Docker Install Mysqldump

# Further reading

Docker Install Mysql Image

More information about Docker setup can be found in the README file of the Docker Image(opens new window).